Closing in or Closing Out
Closing in on the inflaton, mother of the universe
"The inflaton particle is credited with generating the universe and fuelling its inflation. It has yet to be discovered, but it is fast running out of hiding places, thanks to the theoretical framework known as supersymmetry (SUSY).
"Enormous and mainly extinct, supersymmetric particles are the dinosaurs of particle physics. Each of these "sparticles" is the partner of a known particle, and they have already solved several cosmological problems, including smoothing the way for a long-sought grand unified theory of physics."
The article does not mention that the theorized SUSY particles have never been observed, despite many searches by accelerators. The phase space that they could inhabit gets smaller and smaller. If these SUSY particles are found not to exist, it would be bad for the inflationary paradigm. Physicists would then come up with a theory that will require an even bigger accelerator and more research dollars to disprove.
The inflationary paradigm speculates that the early Universe expanded at warp speed, many times faster than light. This would violate both the First Law of Thermodynamics (energy conservation) and Relativity's stipulation that nothing travels faster than light. No human machine can replicate the titanic energies near the Big Bang. The inflationary paradigm can never be proven experimentally.
GM=tc^3. When t was tiny, c was enormous and the Universe expanded like a "Bang." As t increased, c slowed due to gravitation and continues to slow at a tiny rate today. This would avoid the problems of inflation, and predicts a Universe exactly as we observe today. Even the 4.507034% baryonic matter can be predicted from pure mathematics. The prediction of a slowing speed of light can be measured in a laboratory.